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1 edition of Odorants, olfaction and behaviour in salmonid fishes found in the catalog.

Odorants, olfaction and behaviour in salmonid fishes

Odorants, olfaction and behaviour in salmonid fishes

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Published by University of Oslo, Institute of Zoophysiology in Oslo .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementStabell, O.B. & Selset, R... [et al.].
ContributionsStabell, O. B., Selset, R.
The Physical Object
Pagination32p. :
Number of Pages32
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17289859M

PSY CH STUDY. PLAY. accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) behavior, hormonal status, and/or sexual arousal of other humans. cilium. A test in which a participant is given three odorants to smell, of which two are the same and one is different. The participant is required to state which is . Are expressed in the dendrites of the olfactory receptor neurons and are responsible for the detection of odorant molecules. Rather than binding only one specific odorant, olfactory receptors can bind to a range of odorant molecules with different degrees of activation, and, conversely, a single odorant molecule may bind to a number of o,factory receptors with varying affinities.   Typical integrated olfactory nerve responses of masu salmon to mM l-serine (L-Ser) dissolved in AFW (a), water flowing from the culture pond at the Toya Lake Station (Station) (b), the Poromoi stream water (Poromoi) (c) and the Soubetsu stream water (Soubetsu) (d).These responses were obtained from the same fish. The bar at the bottom of each record represents the duration of Cited by:


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Odorants, olfaction and behaviour in salmonid fishes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Hasler, A.D. and Scholz, A.T. () Olfactory Imprinting and Homing in Salmon. Investigations into the Mechanism of the Imprinting Process, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp.

CrossRef Google Scholar Hasler, A.D. and Wisby, W.J. () Discrimination of stream odors by fishes and relation to parent stream by: Abstract. It has been confirmed in many behavioral and electrophysiological studies [1,2] that maternal stream odorants are imprinted in the olfactory system (olfactory epithelium, olfactory nerve, and olfactory bulb) of juvenile salmon during downstream migration, and that the olfactory discrimination of the maternal stream odorants causes adult salmon to home during upstream spawning : Hiroshi Ueda, Munetaka Shimizu, Hideaki Kudo, Akihiko Hara, Kenzo Kurihara, Kohei Yamauchi.

From the scientific basis of olfaction and odor perception, the text covers pheromones, odorant learning, and behavioral tests before describing the role of olfaction in, for example, fear, foraging, and reproduction, and olfactory behavior in farm animals, zoo Format: Paperback.

Atema, J. () `Chemical Sense, Chemical Signals, and Feeding Behaviour in Fishes’, in J.E. Bardach, J.J. Magnuson, R.C. May and J.M. Reinhart (eds), Fish Behavior and its Use in the Capture and Culture of Fishes, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, pp.

olfaction and behaviour in salmonid fishes book 57– Google ScholarCited by: This book is of great value to researchers in the fields of olfaction and taste and related fields.

International Symposium Odorants, Volume 1: Olfaction and Taste covers the proceedings of the First International Symposium on Olfaction and Taste, held at the Wenner-Gren Center, Stockholm, Sweden on September Fish may detect food by a variety of sensory mechanisms, in particular vision and olfaction, but taste generally plays the key role in determining whether a potential food item is swallowed or.

the olfactory system in fish: structure, function, and role in behavior s tional parameters and the role in different behavioral patterns, as well as its formation during ontogeny. It explains Odorants of olfaction in infants' and children's behaviour in affiliative networks within and outside the family.

Finally, the chapter assesses the long‐term consequences of early exposure to by: 6. Recent progress in the studies on olfaction in fish, with particular emphasis on electrophysiological and behavioral responses to biological odors and related chemicals, is reviewed. One of the most characteristic features in fish olfaction is that it takes place entirely in the aquatic by: In fact, olfactory sensations rule much of the behaviour and ecology of a myriad of animal species, including our own.

Our understanding of the mechanisms behind the detection of odours and how the brain reconstructs these stimuli into a ‘smell map' of the Cited by: Evolution has invented a number of ingenious solutions for non-breathing animals.

Many fish display active gill movements that flush their olfactory epithelium; others possess sac-like structures that can actively flush water through the nasal cavity, and some even appear to ‘sniff’ by active jaw movements 1, : Stephan C.F.

Neuhauss. Purchase Olfaction and Taste - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. Olfaction in fish. Hara TJ(1). Author information: (1)Department of the Environment, Freshwater Institute, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Recent progress in the studies on olfaction in fish, with particular emphasis on electrophysiological and behavioral responses to biological odors and related chemicals, is reviewed.

by: 1 Canine Olfaction: Scent, Sign, and Situation 7 idea that those two systems are incompatible in the sense that if one is activated, the other one is not (in normal conditions, and as Berridge. Increased swimming activity in salmonid fish in response to increased water currents has been shown to alter the behavior of fish in captivity primarily by inducing schooling behavior, as reported in Arctic char and rainbow trout (Grünbaum et al., ; Larsen et al., ).

Abstract. When searching for food different fish species use the same sensory mechanisms differentially. At one extreme there are omnivorous fishes such as catfish and carp that, in addition to vision, use the taste system to excite and release reflex responses and the olfactory Cited by: Hara, T.J.

() Role of olfaction in fish behaviour, in The Behaviour ofTeleost Fishes (ed. T.J. Pitcher), Croom Helm, London, pp.

– CrossRef Google Scholar Hara, T.J. and Zielinski, B. () Structural and functional development of the olfactory organ in by: For example, the smell of a previously unremarkable odor in a stressful environment is likely to initiate stress upon subsequent detection.

In contrast, exceptional subsets of odorants have the unique capacity to generate behavior that is largely stereotyped both between individuals and upon repeated exposure (Table 1). While the stimuli that Cited by: A secretory mucous membrane in the human nose whose primary function is to detect odorants in the inhaled air.

Located on both sides of the upper portion of the nasal cavity and the olfactory clefts, the olfactory epithelium contains three types of cells: olfactory sensory neurons, basal. Fish Physiology: Behaviour and Physiology of Fish will be novel in actively bridging these two areas of fish biology together and considering them as inextricably linked.

The progression of chapters focuses on different aspects of the life history of a fish, from predator avoidance through to reproduction, each written by scientists currently.

The mammalian olfactory system detects a multitude of volatile chemicals perceived as odors as well as social cues that elicit instinctive behaviors (1 –3).The olfactory epithelium of the mouse contains ∼1, different ORs and 14 trace amine-associated receptors (TAARs), each expressed by a different subset of olfactory sensory neurons (4 –13).Cited by: Salmon physiology and behavior Although toxic chemicals can cause dramatic fish kills, the large majority of exposures in aquatic habitats are sublethal.

Environmental health research is therefore focused on how contaminants affect the physiology of fish and other species, including the normal function of the nervous, immune, endocrine, and. The senses of smell and taste in fish play a vital role in many aspects of fish behaviour including feeding, migration and breeding.

The editor of this book, himself an internationally recognized authority on the subject, has drawn together an eminent group of contributors who provide a thorough synthesis of all aspects of the subject.

Fish and Olfaction Homing Fish have an acute sense of smell and every aspect of their lives is influenced by olfaction (e.g., feeding, reproduction, migration, and predator avoidance). Using an integrative approach that includes molecular biology, electrophysiology, and field-based behavior, we are studying the critical role of olfaction in the.

Written by a neurobiologist and a psychologist, this volume presents a new theory of olfactory perception. Drawing on research in neuroscience, physiology, and ethology, Donald A.

Wilson and Richard J. Stevenson address the fundamental question of how we navigate through a world of chemical encounters and provide a compelling alternative to the "reception-centric" view of olfaction.5/5(2). Research on olfaction in fishes: historical aspects; Structure and function; Development and regeneration of the olfactory organ in rainbow trout; Comparative morphology of the peripheral olfactory organ in teleosts; Synaptic organization of the olfactory bulb and central projection of the olfactory tract; Taste organ in the barbel of the bullhead; Chemoreceptive mechanisms; Responses of.

Neurobiology of fish olfaction: A review Article Literature Review in Brain Research Reviews 36(1) September with 94 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

many olfaction researchers believe that there is a direct relation ship between odor perception and the features of the odorants molecules. this is supported by. a) a fear response to cat odor in rats even if the rats were raised in a cat free environment B) nursing behaviour response in rabbits in response to rabbit nursing pheromones C.) both.

The vibration theory of smell proposes that a molecule's smell character is due to its vibrational frequency in the infrared range. This controversial theory is an alternative to the more widely accepted docking theory of olfaction (formerly termed the shape theory of olfaction), which proposes that a molecule's smell character is due to a range of weak non-covalent interactions between its.

The Alarm Reaction in Fishes-Odorants, Modulations of Responses, Neural Pathways Article Literature Review in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (1) August with 29 Reads.

There are four major aquatic odorants fish recognize: amino acids, bile salts, steroid hormones, and prostaglandins (Hara, a, b) and the olfactory system of salmonids is able to detect very low concentrations of these odorants, but particularly amino acids (10 −6 to 10 −7; Hara, a, b) and bile salts (10 −8 to 10 −10; Døving et Cited by: The olfactory system is a powerful sensory modality that detects a tremendous diversity of environmental odors and translates them into varied perceptions and behaviors.

The main olfactory system contains a large repertoire of sensory receptors for recognition of diverse odors. in fish behaviour, olfactory electrophysiology and analytical chemistry will be evaluated. Conclusions from artificial ‘ imprinting ’ experiments will then be re-examined. Finally, homing in salmonids will be discussed in the light of current information in olfaction and salmonid genetics, together with its application to salmonid.

ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xix, pages: illustrations ; 25 cm. Contents: I Olfactory Imprinting and Homing in Salmon.- 1 Notes on the Life History of Coho Salmon.- The Magic Journey: Migration of Salmon.- Homing.- Functions of Homing.- Life History of Coho Salmon.- Alevin Stage.- Fry and Fingerling.

Odorants stimulate receptors that are underneath the nasal mucosa c. The olfactory nerves travel to the olfactory cortex found in the temporal lobe d. Olfactory stimuli act on receptors on axons found in the olfactory nerve (*). The olfactory system is the system related to the sense of smell (olfaction).

Many fish activities are dependent on olfaction, such as: mating, discriminating kin, avoiding predators, locating food, contaminant avoidance, imprinting and homing. Olfaction is a chemoreception that forms the sense of smell. Olfaction has many purposes, such as the detection of hazards, pheromones, and food.

It integrates with other senses to form the sense of flavor. Olfaction occurs when odorants bind to specific sites on olfactory receptors located in the nasal cavity. Odorants (odor molecules) enter the nose and dissolve in the olfactory epithelium, the mucosa at the back of the nasal cavity.

The olfactory epithelium is a collection of specialized olfactory receptors in the back of the nasal cavity that spans an area about 5 cm 2. The olfactory epithelium contains another sensitive system via sensitive branches of trigeminal nerve.

Many odorants cam produce sensations transmitted by trigeminal nerve. For example levo–menthole. If placed in the nasal cavity it produces cold sensations in small amounts and hot sensations in much bigger quantities.

Just the same way Cited by: this way, but only schooling fishes engage in this behavior Although a great deal of variation exists among fish species as it relates to habitat, diet, and behavior, the following bony fishes will be considered in greater detail: salmon, trout, bass, tilapia, and catfish.

Natural Behavior Senses. Olfaction: How Fish Catch a Whiff. sniffed at a rose flower that the flow of odorants over the olfactory epithelium has a major impact on the sense of smell (olfaction). For land-dwelling animals with lungs, breathing provides the regulated flow that suppresses or enhances olfaction.

With relevance to this question, the authors Author: Stephan C.F. Neuhauss.A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces a chemical substance (endogenous or induced) to generate a biological signal.

This signal may be in the form of an action potential, if the chemoreceptor is a neuron, or in the form of a neurotransmitter that can activate a nerve fiber if the chemoreceptor is a specialized cell, such as taste.

The smelling test: The genetics of olfaction It was the first such gene-behaviour link to be made in the domain of smell, but it convinced Keller that a person's olfactory blind spots can be.